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A Brief History Of The Telephone


Our society is so engraved into technology of today that we forget about the humble beginnings of yesterday the year is 1878 in the middle of the flat plains at Mississippi the closest neighbor in any direction is a mile out meaning days not weeks of solitude and isolation So it might not surprise you that many of the ranchers and farmers in these isolated regions Built many of the early telephone systems as private lines to communicate with the neighbors Often using the ubiquitous barbed wire fences that divided much of the land west of the Mississippi It was simple in order to turn the still fancy wires into a telephone line They simply had to connect the telephone to the fence with a piece of smooth wire the signal from the phone then passed through the booth wire and Along the length of the barbed wire either to a switchboard or to other houses down the line It was common to have as many as 20 telephones wired together all of which would ring simultaneously with each call Regardless of who was making it and who they were trying to reach in Order to help people know if the call was for them the neighbors would agree upon colors three short rings for you too long rings for me a Few inventions we cling to have changed paths of history as much as a telephone From simple sounds being down and wired to holding the world knowledge in our hand the ever-evolving TechNet us communicate with others thousands of miles away and altering the way, we live time and time again Here is a brief history of how the telephone has changed since the beginning The telephone itself was more evolution than revolution building on a telegraph So we start with America’s very first analogical network and network that looked as though a giant spider had made it The web of electric wires that carried Telegraph’s to have everywhere this would have been a common view of Boston in the late 19th century as Innovative as it was to be able to send coded messages via electrical impulses to a wire had one crucial limitation This setup could only take one message at a time Each message will consist of dots and lines that in a particular order would represent a letter or number in the alphabet Say you wanted to send a message saying hello The person receiving the message would see something like this By the second half of 19th century the races to find something better was on The two main competitors of the race included Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha gray The first goal was to transmit multiple tones down one telegraph line and in 1875 gray patented the electric telegraph Which transmitted musical tones and only became the father of the synthesizer It wasn’t long though before it became apparent that transmitted human speech had even more potential One year later the telephone was close to becoming real at both inventors rush to get their sophisticated creations patent at first It was Bell who received a patent first becoming the inventor of the telephone Well, maybe just asking the question of who invented the telephone first can make you lightheaded so here we go on Valentine’s Day February 14 1876 bells paperwork officially hit the books and just hours later great work was also submitted into the Patent Office a Month later its Bell who’s successfully transmitted speech? But there are allegations that bells transmission used liquid transmitters very similar to grade Which is suspicious because only gray had included such details in the original patent work Allegations clean that bells team slipped $100 to the patent examiner’s pocket for a little pika Grey’s worth Hundreds of legal cases followed until this day experts continue to debate whether it would bail or grace or any of the other Several inventors who were also working on voice transmission tech It’s unclear who deserves the title of telephone inventor, but we do know who actually got the patent Alexander Graham Bell a few years after the patent war the Bell Telephone company now known as a PMT Had exchanges in most of the u.s.. Major city by the end of the company’s first year of operation there were 3,000 phones that is one for every 10,000 people and when bells patent expired in 1893 there were 260,000 phones that is one for every 250 people As the telephone caught on new developments came victim fast early phone calls involved switchboard operators who would manually connect you to the phone line of the person who you wanted to talk to When phones started making a way into residential home operators started being replaced by automatic switches This was good because operators were notorious for listening in on conversations something many customers wanted to avoid as Transmitters tech improved the candlestick phone became increasingly obsolete replaced around the late 1920s by models like these which combine the transmitter and receiver into one headset By 1969 90% of US households had a telephone with this world shift in tech still had wand outside wires It was motorola that captured the public’s imagination in 1973 when they premiered the cordless phone the first cell phone Business men and women are major users of radio telephones where cellular is in service But more people will take advantage of cellular benefits become only weighing 2 and a half pounds with a battery life of 20 minutes and costing around $10,000 in today’s money Not pretty by today’s standard, but Motorola’s breakthrough sparked a global obsession with mobile telephones What followed was the mobile revolution some mobile phones get more powerful more portable and more miniature? While the Telegraph made a comeback in the form of text message By 1998 there were nearly 70 million u.s. Mobile subscribers a figure that would double just four years later At this time Bluetooth 3G color screens and cameras. We’re making phones truly multifunctional It’s ironic. How as today’s phones get more advanced we use them less and less for the extra transmission of our voices a problem that so many great minds worked on to find a solution and change the course of history and It’s evident that we will continue to change cell phones, but how will the cell phone continue to change us? Thank you for watching, and I hope you enjoyed my motion out

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