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Area codes 514 and 438

Area codes 514 and 438


Area code 514 is a telephone area code for
Montreal and a few on-island suburbs. It covers Montreal Island, Île Perrot, and
Île Bizard in the province of Quebec. It does not include Laval. Area code 514 was one of the 86 original North
American Numbering Plan Areas defined in 1947. It originally covered the western half of
the province, from the American border to the Hudson Strait. This area nominally included several areas
in the far northern portion of the province that still didn’t have telephone service. However, in 1957, it was reduced to the region
surrounding Montreal in a three-way split. Area code 819 was created out of the western
half of the original 514 territory, while the far northern portion was added to area
code 418. The final boundary change occurred in 1998
when the off-island suburbs became area code 450, which now completely surrounds 514. This was intended as a long-term solution,
but within less than a decade 514 was close to exhaustion once again due to Montreal’s
rapid growth and Canada’s inefficient system of number allocation. Unlike the United States, Canada does not
use number pooling as a relief measure. The allocation problem was exacerbated by
the proliferation of cell phones. Instead of solving the problem, 514 was overlaid
with area code 438 beginning on November 4, 2006, making ten-digit dialing mandatory in
the Montreal area. Area code 438 was considered for overlaying
450 as well, but a later decision determined that 579 would be the overlay code for that
area. Communities in area code 438/514
Montreal — most of/(438) except as listed below
A few on-island suburbs were never combined into the main Montréal rate centre and therefore
have a reduced subset of the Montréal local calling area. In some cases, the corresponding municipality
disappeared in the 2002 forced amalgamation but the restricted local calling area remains. These arbitrary boundaries do not necessarily
correspond in any way to the original boroughs, the “un île, une ville” municipal amalgamation
or the subsequent de-fusion of areas like Westmount. All are in “le West Island”, a group of western
suburbs often associated with the anglophone minority. Île-Perrot — 320, 425, 446, 453, 477, 478,
536, 539, 612, 646, 681, 901, 902, 257, 638, 700, 890
Lachine — 300, 307, 403, 420, 422, 469, 471, 492, 532, 538, 552, 556, 600, 631, 633,
634, 635, 636, 637, 639, 689, 780, 828, 264, 600, 819, 891
Pointe-Claire — 319, 426, 427, 428, 429, 457, 459, 500, 505, 534, 541, 558, 630, 671,
674, 693, 694, 695, 697, 698, 782, 783, 900, 265, 500, 538, 893
Roxboro — 309, 421, 472, 491, 533, 542, 545, 613, 615, 628, 676, 683, 684, 685, 752,
763, 894 Sainte-Geneviève — 305, 308, 479, 535,
547, 551, 565, 620, 624, 626, 675, 682, 696, 700, 784, 785, 818, 895
References External links
CNA exchange list for area +1-438 CNA exchange list for area +1-514
Official planning letter on NANPA’s website. Area Code Map of Canada

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