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Build Fast and Smooth Web Apps from Feature Phone to Desktop (Google I/O ’19)

Build Fast and Smooth Web Apps from Feature Phone to Desktop (Google I/O ’19)

right, good morning. Thank you for
showing up at 8:30. Hi, I’m Mariko. I’m from web developer
ecosystem team within Chrome. Let’s talk about building
fast and smooth web apps. So it’s safe to assume,
I think, that all of us use the internet using
computers, touch device, or your phones every day. But what if I tell
you that millions more people are
accessing the internet or coming to access the internet
using device like this– a feature phone? So for those of you who remember
the days of feature phone, you may remember typing
the text on those keys. I actually have it here. I grew up in Japan where
the first popular mobile web network was built. And
using feature phones to access the websites and doing
all of the emails and texts was like, my part of high
school and college years. So it feels really
nostalgic to me. But also, I went into
the industry after that. So I remember the days
building a website specifically for feature phones. In Japanese we called
it garakei saito. It’s really hard. You needed to use a subset of
HTML or sometimes, completely different markup language. Yeah, so bad memories
a little bit. But don’t worry, these
phones are new phones that are coming out to the market. It’s developed right now, sold
right now all over the world. And it’s not just me telling you
that these phones are popular. According to
Counterpoint Research, 370 million smart
feature phones are expected to be sold
between this year and 2021. So what is that
smart feature phone? This is a new feature phone. So smart feature phone means
it has a new OS, sometimes such as KaiOS. There is a few other OS, too. KaiOS is awesome because it’s
all web based so you can build an app using web technologies. It has a modernish web browser. It’s a little bit
of versions behind. But it supports HTML,
CS, and JavaScript. For those who developed the
website for feature phones in Japan, it’s great news. And then it also comes
with app ecosystem, which means you can download
Google Maps, YouTube, games on your phone, just like you
would do with your smartphone. So software-wise, it
feels like a smartphone, but it comes in the
size of a hardware. So the screens
are usually small. I think most of the KaiOS
devices are QVGA screen size. Navigation wise, it does have
mouse shows up on the screen, but you have to navigate
it with your D-pad. And if you want to
input anything, and text on the field, you
have to use the number key and the T9 key
input to do that. So that part is a feature phone. So what does it look like
to browse the web today using these new feature phones? Here’s a website you may have
visited once or twice before, Loads great, it looks great. But we all agree that, the top page, is just a bunch of links
and one input field. So that’s not impressive. Let’s see how it’s like
to load web apps, right? So here’s Squoosh It’s a
web apps using WebAssembly, you can do image compilations. It’s a PWA. We build it last year for CDS. How does it perform? Not great. The CSS layout is
completely off. So the thing is when we built
Squoosh, our team built it, we wanted Squoosh to be
the best in class web app. So the first load is
only 16 kilobytes. It loads really fast, even
on this feature phone. But we didn’t need it quite
tested on the screen size this small. We tested it on the
desktop, tablet, and phones, but we never thought of
having somebody accessing the site using these phones. One of the depressing
layout of the website is that I/O website. Not great, not great. It’s so frustrating to
navigate I/O website using it. It’s almost unusable. But not everything
on the web is bad. My favorite is Twitter. So Twitter and
mobile– when you access that
on the feature phone, you get the same
exact same experience. You can tweet, you read
tweets, you can load a video, you can search for GIF,
you can attach an image. Everything that’s provided
in the Twitter website– available on the
smart feature phone. That brings me to
the project that I am going to discuss today. So as I briefly mentioned I am
part of web developer ecosystem team in Chrome. And within, that I’m in the
small subset of the team that tried to build the old
world of web applications that we can share,
so that we can share our learnings by
building something real right. So our first
project was Squoosh. It’s an image compression
application that is completely built within a browser. We used [INAUDIBLE] to
provide a newer file format, like WebP, for browsers
that don’t support WebP. And you can select all of the
knobs and a bunch of settings to see how much better
the compression can be. And you can download it
and upload it to your blog. So that’s the idea. And then after we built
this last November, we got to discussing, what
should be the next project? And we decided, let’s
just build a game. We wanted to build a
game because whenever we asked web developers, what
is the web really good at, everybody says it’s a document. And we wanted to say
completely opposite of document to see if web can handle that. So games seemed
like a good topic. And developing a game came
with a bunch of problems that we face as a web
developer every day, such as like how do we
handle a lot of inputs coming from all of these UI? Or can we really
provide a graphics heavy application on the web? And on top of that, because we
were hearing that the feature phones are getting popular, we
decided that our app this year is going to support
everything from feature phone to desktop and
everything in between. So I would like to explain
what we built. First and then we’re going to
get into how we build it. Introducing Proxx. Proxx is the gave a proximity
inspired by the legendary game of Minesweeper. Game is situated in space, and
your job is to find black hole. You can play Proxx on
any kind of devices from desktop, to
tablet, to D-Pad, even with screen readers. SPEAKER 1: 1, dimmed,
button, column 9 of 16. Hidden, button, column 10 of 16. MARIKO KOSAKA: It is a PWA, a so
you can download it and save it on your desktop
or on your phone, and play the game wherever you
want, even when you’re flying. So that’s the game we built.
And you can access the app at, that’s the URL. So let’s discuss
how we build Proxx. So even before we
go into the project, we decided on the
baseline– like, three of us got together– Jake, Surma, and me– and talked about, what
is this app going to be. Three points. We decided that every
device will get a same core experience, meaning
we are not going to build three different
apps for desktop, tablet, and feature phone. We decided that it has to be
accessible both on the input device– so like all of
the mouse, keyboard, touch, and D-Pad to support it. And we said, why not make sure
that the screen readers are accessible, too. Performance-wise,
our team really likes to build a
Performant web app, so we said it has to be really,
really good performance. So we said our
performance budget to be initial payload of
less than 25 kilobytes. Time to interactive
less than five seconds on slow 3G network. And animations
should run 60 frames per second whenever you can. So with that understanding,
three of us got to talking. So let me explain how
this app is laid out. So the game started
with a game logic file that Jake wrote on
a long haul flight, because he wanted
to play Minesweeper, but there was no internet on
the flight and he wrote it. He’s that kind of engineer. Game logic just
contains the logic. There is no UI element to it. It’s just like how big of the
field is, where the mine is, and when certain
points are clicked, how should it be revealed. That kind of thing. On top of that, we built
a UI and state services. So UI, we use Preact
And state service is a [INAUDIBLE] on
top of game logic to communicate game
logic and the UI service. We also wrote our own
rendering pipeline, which we will get
into it later for why. And we also have a
little bit of utilities to glue it altogether. So simple-ish, so
you can understand. All of this could learn in main
thread, everything in one file. Well, it could be separated, but
it could learn in main thread. However, from the
get go, we knew we wanted to do
graphics heavy design, we wanted to animate it. And we were like,
not sure about this. So we decided to move
a game logic and state service into a web worker. So web worker, those of you
if you are not familiar, is a way to align your
JavaScript of the main thread and separate thread. To communicate between
worker and main thread, you use API code post message. And it’s like not an enjoyable
experience, keeping track of the messages, passing. It’s a lot of work. Luckily, team member Surma,
who is sitting there, wrote a library he
called a Comlink. It’s a [INAUDIBLE]
or abstraction on top of post
message to make using worker a lot more enjoyable. In fact, we improved Comlink by
doing this project, Comlink v4. So we were working
on this project using comlink and testing
it on the feature phone. And realized that it’s
not only working great. And realized that the comlink
has processing intensive work happening. So we fixed that, and
Comlink v4 was released. So if you’re interested in
offloading all of the tasks to worker, you should
definitely check out Comlink. UI-wise, we use Preact. We chose Preact
because three of us use Preact on the previous
project, and we liked it. And then also, it’s still the
smallest UI library out there that fits in our
performance budget. App wise, it is a standard
single page application, all of the custom elements
rendered on one div, and then appended onto the body. But we knew we have
an aggressive goal of initial payload
less than 25 kilobytes. So we decided to do
a kind of a strategy where we will build time,
pre-render the first load, the first thing traction using
a little hack using Puppeteer. So basically, we have app. And whenever we build our
app, we learn Puppeteer. And Puppeteer will
download– oh by the way, Puppeteer is a way to
control a headless Chrome from your script. So a Puppeteer will
open up the headless– Chrome, do the thing,
download the Preact. Preact will just build a HTML,
put it into the [INAUDIBLE].. And then we just grab whatever
output that was in there and put it into index.html. And that’s what gets uploaded to
our static site hosting notify, and then that gets served to
the user as a first payload. This is just
showing you how easy it is to start with Puppeteer. You just start an instance,
browser puppeteer.launch. And then create a page. Go to that link. Evaluate that link. And just put it into the HTML. And that’s all there is to it. So basic architecture
was two key points. We use walker to free
up the main thread as much as possible,
because we knew going in, we wanted to do
graphic heavy thing. The Graphic stuff, main
thread can only do. Like, worker cannot
do the graphic style. So free that up for graphics. And then we also
pre-render the build time for speedy loading of
the initial bundle. So that leads me to
talk about graphics. Perhaps the biggest
performance choice we made was to have our own
graphic pipeline. So our initial plan was
to completely use the DOM. We were thinking, oh yeah,
we can just have a table and then put a bunch
of buttons in it. And we can use a CSS animation,
like transform, opacity, that thing that lands on the
GPU to do the animations. And that would be great, right? Well, turns out we think that
we might hit a Chrome browser bug, when all of this
was the one layer, and want to update
just a single button, Chrome was painting
an entire table, which is not a great for performance. One way to solve
these problem if you see it is to put the
buttons or some elements that you want to update in the
separate layers using things like [INAUDIBLE] transform. But we have a lot of
buttons on the game, because each of the game cell,
it’s going to be a layer. And that might solve
a painting problem, but then it creates
excessive amount of layers. And that hogs up
the memory, so we are creating another problem. So this route is not good. We should go for another route. So we decided to do all
of our graphics in Canvas. In fact, we have two
Canvas on our screen. One is for background
animation, and one is for great animation that
is doing the game itself. So these are
generated and rendered every frame, 60
frames per second, using the requestAnimationFrame. So if you’re not familiar
with requestAnimationFrame, browser– requestAnimationFrame is a
way to scale your script. At every tick, the browser
refreshes the graphic. So you put some
kind of JavaScript, in our case, the drawing
call for the Canvas, and you put that in callback
of the request animation frame. And next tick, that gets
one at the next tick. And if you’re doing
animation stuff, you probably want to
recursively call that, so that you put that
task into every frame. And then this is how we
update our animation. If you are curious
about all the stuff that I was talking about–
painting, layers, composers, CSS, requestAnimationFrame, I
wrote a four part blog series about inside look at
a modern web browser that explains what happens when
your code gets the browser, and how it’s executed. So you should check that out. And so we have two Canvas now. And there’s a few other things
that we did for the graphics for performance. For example, the
background animation, which we call it nebula
animation, in fact, it’s only a one fifth
of screen sizes. So whatever device you have, we
only create a Canvas size one fifth of your device and just
stretch it out to full screen. We were lucky, because
the design that came up was already a blurry image. So creating a small one and
stretching it didn’t make much, and saved us a lot
of memory to do that. So for the grid
animation, we basically do a sprite animation. And we generate these
sprites on the client side. So we do not send any image
data down the wire to users. We send JavaScript to
generate the sprites, and then JavaScript
creates the sprites. And once that’s done,
it’s saved in indexed DB. This way, we can create
the most optimal sprites for each of devices. So different devices have
different device pixel ratio. Some of them have one, some
of them have two, some of them three. So this way, any devices
accessing our site, we don’t need to
create an image. They can create the image or
the sprites on the client side. So that’s graphics. Let’s talk about accessibility,
which is exciting. I worked on it, so
I’m really excited. So as I explained, the
game is now into Canvas and we can totally build
the game just with Canvas. A lot of games do. Whenever you use a
mouse or click on it, you just get the
coordinate of the mouse, and then you write your
own JavaScript to say, hey, did it hit the
square underneath. And then you just
redraw the animation. But we decided we are
going to keep a DOM that’s tables and buttons. Remember, that was doing
a painting [INAUDIBLE],, so we just fixed that by
putting it opacity zero. There’s a reason why we kept the
DOM version on top of Canvas. Because if we have an
element, we can focus on it or we can attach
event listeners. So when you are playing Proxx,
what you are seeing on screen is a Canvas. But what your JavaScript
is interacting with is invisible buttons and tables. And this way, we can tap into
browsers’ Native Accessibility features. So here is a screenshot of me
playing a game with voiceover. It is written down what
the voiceover said. It says, hidden,
button, column 15 of 16. Hidden is a state of the button. And that’s the only part that we
manipulated from our JavaScript by adding a [INAUDIBLE] label. Everything from
button to column 15 of 16 kind of like suggesting
users where the locations are– that just came out of the
box by using the table. So when we start the new
game, we generated a table. Cleared a table. And in theory, you should
just add a row or grid. And the screen reader
should be all taken care. But somehow, maybe
because we are displaying the table opacity 0, the
browser wasn’t quite listing that as a grid. So when we cleared all
of the rows and columns, we also needed to specify
that this tr is a row and this td element is gridcell. And that solved this problem. But at the beginning, we were
like, why is it not working? The documentation said
that if we put the grid, it should work. So that was a fun
challenge to do code for. And inside of each cell,
we generate a button that a user clicks on it. Speaking of buttons, we use
a accessibility technique called row tabindex when we
create a button for each cell. First, top left
corner of the cell gets tabindex of 0, which
means it’s tab accessible. When keyboard navigation
user hits the tab, the focus is on that button. But then everything else,
we set tabindex of minus 1, which means it cannot
focus by tapping it. This way, the keyboard user
doesn’t have to tap 100 times to get to the end of
the game so that they can get to the other
menu button down at the bottom of the screen. And when the screen keyboard
user accesses the game, they focus on one cell. And they switch to
using a [INAUDIBLE] key. And [INAUDIBLE] key will
emit which direction, how many times that
the focus should move. So the focus method basically
takes like, OK, call in focuses here. Just going to make it a
non-tappable or non-focusable. And then the new button
that will be focused is going to be focusable
by putting the 0. And then just set the focus. Let’s set the focus. And this is how we implemented
[INAUDIBLE] tabindex. I did not know any of this
until I did this project, embarrassingly. We got a lot of help
from Rob Dodson, who is on our team, who does
a lot of accessibility work. And he has a guide on for accessibility to all, which explains
all of the techniques that I explained right now. So you should definitely
check that out. And thank you very much, Rob. So this is the half
way of the project, and we were feeling great. Our animations were running. Feature phones, game
was working fine. But then we noticed– I explained that the
feature phone to desktop, everything in between. So we were testing
iPad, Android Go phone, which is a low end side
of the Android phone. And we were noticing that the
game is crashing on Android Go phones quite a lot. We were like, but how? Like feature phones are
the weakest powered phone. Android Go should be an upgrade. Why is it crashing? Well, turns out
how many pixels are on the screen matters a lot. So on the feature phones’ case,
they may have a weaker chip, but they only need to care
about a certain number of pixels to drive. On Android Go phone, which is a
smartphone, with touch screen, with much bigger screen, they
might have a slightly powerful hardware, but they have four
times or more pixels to drive. And that makes them sad and
just shuts down sometimes. So we decided that
OK, at this point, we should just check
if the hardware can support the animation. And if not, just render
a static version. So basically, when
the game loads, we do a little bit of a check. Say, can this hardware
support animation. And if they can, we
load WebGL animations. And if not, we support a
Canvas series static graphics. Static graphic is
something we needed to make a new way
for accessibility, for those who prefer
reduced motion option. So we just exposed that to a
little lower grade hardware phones, too. Our approach to checking
this might be a little naive, but this is just one check. Shader box, this class is just a
class abstract on top of WebGL. And we check a high
percentage vertexShader. And if that’s possible, then
we just learned animation. And if not, we go
with a 2D animations– sorry, 2D static rendering. We know it is a
little naive, but we found that the devices that
supports [INAUDIBLE] usually can handle animations. Of course, if users
have a preference set for reduced motion, we
check for the media query. And then that becomes
a default, too. Let’s talk about supporting
different input devices, because I’ve been saying
keyboard, touch screen, D-Pad. So game has two main functions– click to open the cell. And click to flag the cell. When you are playing
on the mouse, it is just regular
click and right click. If you are doing
that on the keyboard, then we assign a toggle button
to the F key for the flag. So you click on it, and then
you can go back and forth with the mode. And then navigation wise, you
use the arrow key and enter. For the phones and
tap, we went with just tap and toggle method. So you can see at the bottom,
we have a toggle button. And every time a user wants
to switch to the mode, you just click on the toggle. And you might be
feeling, looking at this plain video
of a phone, saying, I want to pinch zoom in to
see if how many cells are left, right? Or want to zoom in, zoom out
to see how our game is doing. And this is something
we discussed while we were developing
this, and we actually needed to discuss
whether to do it or not. Because we had this goal of
the app has to be performant, running smoothly, we had
this debate about like, yeah, but if we support pinch zoom,
then we lose native scroll. And that means scroll gets slow. And is that OK? So eventually, we just
decided that for this app, we are going to go with
native scroll over pinch zoom. So we’re not supporting
pinch zoom yet. Maybe hopefully. The thing about pinch
zoom is that once you have the pinch zoom action,
then you lose the native scroll. And you need to implement your
own scroll physics, right? And that is not going
to be comparable fast to the native scroll. And on a web platform,
we don’t have the way to tap into browsers’
scroll physics. We would love to
have them, and we would love to explore
the possibility, but for now, native scroll only. I also wanted this interaction
was a double tap to flag. I was like, why do I
have to toggle the mode. Can I just double
tap and flag it? And it was immediately shut
down because of performance. If you implement
a double tap, that means we all have to wait
for a single tap to check, is it double tap,
is it double tap? Which means we create a
few milliseconds delay for the user interaction. So based on the
baseline that we agreed that it has to be smooth,
we said no double tap. Possibility, though,
in the future– hasn’t implemented it– long top, holding on the thing. We can do that performantly. This is just a question
of a UX and design. We don’t know how to
notify the user that you hold it enough to flag it,
now you can take it off. And you know, the black hole
is not going to get revealed. So once we figure out the
design, we might implement it. Which brings me to this phone
that does not have any of it. I mean, it has a click. You can click the button, but
like, there is right click, there’s not touch screen. A toggle key for F. F doesn’t
exist, it’s only number key. So what do we do? Yeah, we added a custom key
navigation to the number key. So when you click on 5,
the cell’s focus goes up. When you hit on 0, goes down. And then when you hit on
8, it is a click action. And then when you
hit a hash sign, the sharp sign, then
that’s the more the toggle. So another thing we found was
that we need to show users where the focus are. It’s very hard on
these small screens to see which button are
they about to click. The also have a
mouse indicator, too. But sometimes, you
can’t really see like, is this mouse pointing to the
one button or the other button. So we made sure that
we highlight the focus and tell the user, this
highlighted element will be open once
you click on it. Another thing we added,
with is my favorite, is a key shortcut guide. So if you access our
game on a feature phone, then you will see these
tiny icon indicating, you can click on
the hash button. To start the game or you can
click on the asterisk button to open the information. This is piece of UX that I took
from 2000 mobile development in Japan. So Japan had a feature
phone web network. And when you go to a long
document site or something, they usually have a
table of contents on top. And then the
in-page link inside. And those are usually
mapped to number keys. So you would have a number
emoji right next to the table of contents, indicating oh,
if you want to go to chapter 3 just, click on 3, and then
you can just move down. So I took that UX and
put it into this game. Another thing that’s
very important if you designing a website
or web game for feature phone is to have a way for user
to get away from that view. So I have a close button there. Whenever a user opens
the settings model, which is quite long,
because it also contains how to play the
game, and scrolls down– whenever they think,
oh, OK, I got it, they can just press
on the asterisk key, and then just close that model. If we didn’t do this UX,
and have the standard design that we have for the
smartphone and desktop at all, which is a floating x
button, this happens. In the middle of the page,
users have to scroll up, up, up, up, up, hit the top. And finally, the mouse can
move to that close button to close it. And this is really frustrating. So the element itself,
the floating x button and the Close button at the
bottom, is the same element. But depending on the device,
if it’s feature phone or not, I just change the CSS
to put the location differently. So that’s the feature
phone designs. Let’s talk about
offline strategy. As I talked about,
this game is a PWA. It uses service worker to
cache all of the resources. So even if you’re offline,
you can play the game. And whenever you do offline,
there’s always the question of, how do we update the game if
there’s a new update is there. We might have seen these
more saying that hey, update is available. Reload this up or dismiss this. And then use the older version. This is a directly took from the
previous project that we did. But in this case,
we did not want to block the users of
wanting to play the game or playing the game right
now, so we hid this logic inside of this page. This button to be exact. So whenever a user comes
to the app and hits Start, and whenever there is a network,
they make a call to hey, is there an update. And if there is
an update, then it starts fitting down
the new version. And then once that’s done, it
loads a new version of app. Skip the opening screen,
because we already know the game settings for it. And launch it into
game directly. So when a user sees
this page, the game is already updated
to new versions. And this is how we do
the offline versioning. Lastly, I want to talk
about resource loading. So after all of this
WebGL, and feature phones, and all of that,
our total packet became 100 kilobytes Zzipped. We feel quite good
about this size. And out of 100 kilobytes
Zzipped packet, 20 kilobytes is a first payload. So we hit the goal of
under 25 kilobytes Zzipped first payload. Basically, this is
just an index.html that gets sent when the
first request goes in. Which means this index.html
contains this page. I like actually, this page. So all of the animations
and the opening title role that we handcrafted with
CSS animations are lazy loaded. So this is the minimal set
of features and buttons that users need to start
interacting the first action. The first action could
be starting the game. First action could be opening
that information icon, clicking the information
icon to open the settings, or clicking the
full screen button to go into the full screen mode. So we even subset the font. So we looked at all
of the glyphs that’s used on this page,
subset the font, and inline it into
this index.html. So really, our index.html
is the 20 kilobytes of data that kind
of looks like this. Yeah, a lot of inlining. But once that gets to
the users and users start interacting, then
little by little, chunks are downloaded,
lazy loaded, and then game fully interactive. For doing this, we used rollup. We really enjoyed using rollup. We even wrote our own
plugins for things that rollup didn’t really
provide out of the box. But we even felt comfortable
doing that and kind of mixing and matching it. Which was not the case
on the previous project– we used a different
building process. And rollup worked really great
for our set up using worker. So as I mentioned, our codes
are separated into the worker and main thread. And comlink is a
shared dependency to communicate each other. If you do this in
webpack, then webpack creates two different chunks as
a dependency and separated it. And that’s just duplicating it. But rollup out of the box,
just keep it as a one chunk. And then share that
as a dependency for worker and the main thread. So this was out of the box,
great fitting for our project. For module loading,
because JavaScript modules are not supported in
Web Workers, we use AMD. And Surma wrote a tiny plug-in
called rollup-plubin-loadz0r, which is an AMD-like
loader, but is really tiny. Specifically made
for rollup output. So you might want to take that
out, but that’s part of our build process. And even doing that, tools
cannot really help the fine tuning of shaving down the data. We needed to go in and
look at our index HTML, and what gets loaded. And then see, why is
our index.html getting bigger and bigger and bigger. So if you want to check what
kind of refactoring we did, there is an epic PR
up the Github called I made stuff smaller by Jake. And thing that he did
or things he discovered was things like this. So our game screen
has a element called the topbar that has the
number of cells that open, the timer counter, all of that. But those are only
for game time, right? Whenever the game
is not running, like opening screen
or win screen, it’s only just a title banner. But when we are loading the
index for HTML, which only need title banner, they also load
the logic of timers and logic of the open count
and everything. So we separate that element into
topbar, the full on version, and topbar simple, and just
loaded two differently. And [INAUDIBLE] some data. So this is great if
somebody has time to go in and dig through,
and every now and then check if we are doing great. But we try to keep
reminding ourself that every pull
request that we make be conscious about the size. So every pull request
we make on our repo, we run a little script called
Travis size report on Travis CI to just check what changed. It’s just this file name changed
or this file size changed. And you know, this screenshot
isn’t particularly interesting, nothing really changed. But sometimes, you find
unexpected change, like, why did this false
name change, or why is file was suddenly this big. So this was a good reminder. So that’s the process we took. I would like to end with a
three learnings that we had. I definitely think that having
a set baseline for the project was great. We started the project
with a set understanding of what’s important
to us for this project and how we make decisions. And that got us showing up
to the stand up saying, hey, I want to implement double tap. And immediately, Jake
says, no, you can’t do it, it’s not performant. And I’m like, I wouldn’t
be offended or not feel like defending, because
I’ll just go, oh, that’s right, performance was the important
thing for this project. Another thing. We think the worker is
crucial for learning a smooth application. We need to learn JavaScript
off of the main thread as much as possible. I don’t think we could make this
game possible on the feature phone if we didn’t
do the worker. Lastly, if you are feeling
like, I’m not a game developer, I’m not going to do the game
on the web, one thing you can take away from this
talk is just study what’s on the first interaction
for your website or your web applications, and just remove
everything you don’t need. That makes your first
load data small. And then users can get
to your service quicker. So if you want to
check out the app, here’s the link for the game. All of our source code
are sourced on the GitHub, so you should check that out. Future requests or bug
fixes are very much welcome. And if have any
questions or want to play the game on the
big touch screen, all of us will be at the Sandbox
tent A after this. Thank you very much.

10 thoughts on “Build Fast and Smooth Web Apps from Feature Phone to Desktop (Google I/O ’19)”

  1. This is an amazing talk. So many useful nuggets of information throughout and a great app to boot. Great work!

  2. With regard to your Table problem at 14:00. Did you consider css grid for a solution before going to Canvas?

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